Average Roofing Costs in Tennessee

Roofs are not cheap, whether in terms of materials or labor costs. Yet, there are few building maintenance projects that are more important; improper installation or unsuitable materials could end up costing property owners more than an upfront investment would have.

There are many factors that influence the final cost of a roof installation. Many of them vary over time and across locations, making them difficult to predict. For this reason, there is a fairly wide average range of prices. HomeAdvisor’s Cost Guide says the average national price of a roof installation for most Americans ranges from $5,913 to $7,853.

At the high end, people pay as much as $12,000; at the low end, they may pay as little as $3,000. Because there are so many price factors at play, owners and contractors have the flexibility to make thoughtful and cost-effective choices. Knowing these factors can empower homeowners to minimize unnecessary roofing costs.

Materials Costing

The average cost of installing a roof is $6,883; what contributes to this figure? The price of a quality roof installation varies by a number of factors. There’s not much room for negotiation when it comes to the cost of roofing materials. Different materials have different standard costs per unit. Bear in mind that the slope, or pitch, of the roof will narrow down roof composition options.

Asphalt shingles, for example, are by far the most common choice in the United States due to their low cost and widespread availability. They are associated with medium pitch. Wood shingles, on the other hand, cost roughly twice as much as asphalt and require a minimum slope to maintain adequate drainage.

In general, heavier items, like tiles instead of shingles, cost more per unit and require more expensive structural support. With some materials, certain colors and textures are priced higher than others. And, there is a premium on durability with any kind of roofing material.

Other Important Factors

A fundamental budgetary consideration is whether the installation requires disposal or modification of an existing roof. It will cost more money to remove an extant roof, make preliminary repairs, or lay down new underlayments such as a water shield. Of course, a self-installation project will cost less than a professionally installed roof.

Another weighty factor is the size of the home to be roofed. This one is straightforward: the bigger the building, the pricier the roofing job for both parts and labor. What about the shape of the roof? A very steep, high-‘pitch’ roof will by definition cost more than a plain, flat roof because there is simply more surface to cover. You can get a rough estimate with our roofing calculator.

Sophisticated styles such as Colonial or Victorian are steeper, which partly explains why their prices tend to be similarly steep. Note that many contractors adjust their pricing after a minimum pitch to account for the added dangers of working on a steep slope.

Additionally, very complex roofs with special features like chimneys or skylights require a bigger budget. Gutters, drains and other accessories will inflate the total purchase as will flashing to mitigate water damage and vents that protect against temperature extremes. Also, most roofs come with warranties, some of which are offered for a fee.

Whatever the project constraints are, remember that the cheapest materials and work can easily end up costing more in the long run if significant repairs must be made too soon. In contrast, expensive materials can increase a home’s value and even lower insurance premiums. Roofing is key to a property’s value, so it’s vital to spend enough to sustain the investment in the long term.

Roof Designs and Styles

Sometimes we like to link over to other websites because we believe the content is rich and engaging and has lots of good information regarding a specific roofing topic. In this case we like this slideshow over at Better Homes and Gardens magazine. Check it out below to see some cool examples of roof design and different roofing styles.

http://www.bhg.com/home-improvement/exteriors/roofs/roof-designs-styles/#page=1

 

6 Questions To Ask A Roofer

Be sure your roofer can answer questions about their location, insurance and more.

Before hiring a roofing company, there are certain questions you should ask. A poor job can mean costly roof repairs and leaks in the future, which means more time and money spent. Ask a roofer the following questions before making a hiring decision:

1. What is your full company name and physical address?

Ask for the roofing company’s full name and address. If they use a Post Office box, ask for the physical location. A roofing company that doesn’t have a physical location is a cause for concern, and you should move on. Check Angie’s List to find a reliable roof repair or roof replacement company in your area.

RELATED: Hiring a Roofer: It’s not an Estimate, It’s an Interview

2. Do you have insurance?

Roofing contractors should have workmans’ compensation and liability insurance to protect the homeowner in the event of an accident. Workers’ compensation protects the homeowner if a roofing company’s employee gets injured, and liability protects you from damage caused by the roofers during repair or replacement.

Without workmans’ compensation insurance, the homeowner may be responsible for medical bills and other costs associated with the injury. Your homeowners’ insurance may not cover these types of accidents, so you will be personally responsible for the costs.

workers doing roof repair on a home

Some contractors use subcontractors for roofing jobs. Make sure you get lien waivers to protect yourself if your contractor doesn’t pay them.. (Photo courtesy of Colin Kessler)

3. Do you use roofing subcontractors?

Ask whether any part of the job will be performed by a subcontractor. If so, make sure you ask these same questions of the roofing subcontractor — particularly ask whether they are insured.

MORE: What is a Contractor Lien Release or Subcontractor Lien Waiver?

4. Do you have a roofing contractor license?

Ask the roofing contractor if he or she is licensed by your city or state. Licensing requirements vary by state. Some cities and counties also require a contractor to be licensed. Verify whether a license is required in your area, and if it is, check with your local licensing offices to make sure your roofer’s license is up to date and doesn’t have any outstanding violations.

MORE: What Information Should Be in a Roofing Estimate?

A business license is not the same as a roofing contractor license. A business license is for tax purposes and identifies the company. It does not mean the person has passed a test or is qualified to work as a roofer.

5. Do you have homeowner references?

Ask for local residential job sites you can visit and check previous roofing work. You can also ask for references, but sometimes past customers do not want their personal information released or a contractor cherry picks a couple of happy customers. Follow up with the homeowners and ask whether they are happy with the roofing job completed by the contractor.

6. Do you offer a warranty for your roofing work?

Ask how long the roof repair company guarantees its work. A roof warranty typically lasts for a year, but some roofers offer longer warranties. The manufacturer usually covers the materials, and the roofer covers the work. These are two separate warranties, so ask the roofer what is covered under each warranty and the length of each.

As always, give 5 Points Roofing a call today and we’ll help walk you through the process!

Roofing When It’s Cold

We know how the temperatures here in Nashville and Middle TN fluctuate so much during the winter. One day it’s ice cold outside while the next day it can be 70 degrees. Most people opt to have a new roof installed in the spring and summer months. Others looking to replace their roof decide to install during the fall. But what happens to the roofs that are installed in the cold winter months?

Often customers ask us if it is okay to install a new shingle roof when the temperatures are extremely cold. This is especially concerning for those who do not have a choice in the matter and must replace their roof immediately.

There are no specific industry guidelines for temperature and roof installation for asphalt shingles, however, various manufacturers do make recommendations. Five Points Roofing installs roofs all year round, although, we do pay careful attention to the weather and elect to hold off for warmer days for certain types of applications.

Although asphalt shingles do become brittle as the temperature drops, steps can be taken to reduce or eliminate breakage. If shingles are stored in a warm place and loaded just before installation, problems can be minimized.

A concern we often hear from homeowners is whether or not the self-sealing strips will bond properly without a warm day to promote a good seal. The sun is very helpful in warming a newly installed roof and aiding in a good seal, but in areas prone to high winds, hand-tabbing, (or adding adhesive to the underside of shingles during the application), can sometimes be recommended. This measure assists with keeping the shingles in place, when needed, until warmer weather allows the seal to set as it should.

Whenever you decide to replace your roof, our staff is available to provide guidance and assistance in the process to achieve the best result possible. Call us today if you have any more questions.

Some Good Roofing Questions

We get asked questions by curious homeowners all the time. Should I go with a different contractor for a significantly lower price?  Can I save money by buying my own materials?  Should I try to repair the roof on my own?

With any investment, such as your home, you really should weigh your options before making major decisions on how to maintain it.  Avoid these pitfalls when making decisions on how to preserve your roof.

  1. Starting a major roof repair or replacement by yourself (if you are inexperienced).

Unless you have extensive roofing knowledge, it’s probably best to leave the roof work to the professionals.  Tearing off a roof is dangerous and difficult work.  We have often been called in to “rescue” homeowner from a project that they began but soon realized they were in over their heads.  The mistake is often made in an effort to save a few dollars, however, this can cause more damage and cost more in the long run.  With the proper safety equipment, knowledge and skill level, a certified roofing contractor is the way to go.

  1. Buying your own materials.

Shopping around for the best deal is a good thing, but when it comes to having a roof system installed, it pays to allow a qualified contractor with a competitive price to purchase the materials for you.  Not only do you avoid having incorrect quantities or products, the contractor may also have access to better, more competitive pricing due to established relationships with regular suppliers.  A roof installation tends to be a package deal and a good contractor will be able to provide a workmanship and manufacturer’s warranty with your system.

  1. Installing a product that does more damage than good over time.

Not all products are good products for your roof.  Contrary to popular belief, rain diverters can actually cause more damage than good, forcing water to back up under shingles, resulting in costly damage.  Another product that can ultimately cause problems are flush mounted skylights.  They typically don’t have a very wide flange and therefore tend to be unable to support high volumes of water.  Under heavy rain, water can go beyond the flange and penetrate beneath the roof, resulting in leaks.  Rely on a qualified contractor to help you decide what products will perform best for your roof.

  1. Not hiring a solid contractor.

Make sure that you do your homework.  Find a reputable contractor to perform work on your home. Sometimes price isn’t the only factor to consider when it comes to the service you are receiving.  Talk to friends, family and co-workers about a roofing company in your area that has a good name in the community, competitive pricing and a track record of quality work.   Check the Better Business Bureau, online reviews, and see if there is a company website for a feel and feedback on the contractor’s work history.  You want a company with integrity and a great finished product – it is absolutely worth the extra time.

Give us a call here at Five Points Roofing if you have questions, we’ll be happy to answer them.

What Is Flashing And Why Is It Important?

Your roof is one of the first barriers of defense against the elements when it comes to your home or business.  Flashing is an essential part of your roof system.

When installed correctly, it is essential in preventing water intrusion at various locations on your roof.

What is flashing?

The protective seal that prevents water intrusion at areas such as skylights, chimneys, dormers and vents is called flashing.  Flashing is a critical preventive measure for moisture damage when water is most prone to penetrate a roof’s surface.

Where is flashing important?

Flashing is important at all roof penetrations, including edges, valleys, joints and any grooves, gaps, intersections and projections on the roof of any structure.

How can improper flashing damage my roof?

Poor or improper flashing can lead to premature deterioration at roof joints, so it is imperative to have flashing installed correctly when a new roof is installed.  Having it done right the first time is one of the best things you can do to preserve your investment.

Measuring A Roof

Do you know how it’s done?

Measuring a roof from the ground can be a much safer way to get the information you need to do a roof. This week I was asked to teach a new solar estimator how to measure a roof from the ground. The basic idea of measuring a roof from the ground may sound ridiculous but it can be done, and done very accurately. I think everyone should measure at least the perimeters of the roof from the ground because the risk of a fall walking along the eaves of the roof can be avoided. If you are a professional and you are up and down ladders, crawling around steep, wet, damp and slippery roofs year in and year out, the odds are against you. These tips can reduce the risk of a fall. This web page is to show how the whole roof can be measured from the ground and a order for materials be placed.

So, What tools do I need to measure a roof?

1, Tape Measure. a 25 foot or longer works good. I use a laser for speed and it is very accurate. There a measuring wheels that work well also.

2, Graph Paper, some basic graph paper will help keep straight lines and scale your roof drawing. I use a two-foot scale drawing and most sizes homes will fit on a 8.5 x 11 sheet of paper.

3, Calculator, is a important tool since it will help you with complex math with less or no errors.

4, Pitch Gage, will be needed to find the pitch of a roof. There are pitch gage Apps for smart phone free to download.
Familiarize your self with the names of the parts of a roof, like the Gable, Hip, Valley, Eave and Ridge. Take a minute before you measure and Google your roof then highlight these parts of the roof like seen here to the left. It will help with your drawing later. Start from the left corner and start taking measurement from the eave to eaves all around the home. Using the graph sheet you should end up right where you started. If you don’t, then you made an error some where.

Once the site drawing is done look at the drawing and in a red marker draw out squares like seen in this drawing. {drawing has been cropped}

A, Is { 48′ x 24′ } B, { 16′ x 24′ } C, { 12′ x 24′ } and D, { 6′ x6′ } Do you see the squares? Add these four totals and you have the foot-print of the roof which is 1860 sq. ft. Now we need to add the pitch factor which is the rise of the roof. Most homes have about a 4:12 pitch or 18.5 degrees. This is as low a pitch as you want when installing asphalt shingles. This roof we are measuring today is a 6:12 pitch or 26.5 degrees. The pitch factor I use for this is 1.12. This factor should be times the house foot print, 1860 sq. feet and your roof size equals 2084 or 20.84 sqs. Lets call it 21 sqs. Determine the waste factor and you have the total roofing sqs. you need to complete this roof.

Now to determine the length of the valleys and hips needs to be calculated using the hip factor of 1.50 for a 6:12 pitch. So here in the front right side is a hip roof and the width being 24 feet. x 1.50= 36 feet, divided by 2 for each side which equals 18 feet for the hip length. The valleys are the same formula as the hips. For this short valley on the right being 6 foot equals 6 x 1.50 = 9 ft.
The eave should be looked at by a ladder to see how many layers of shingles there are on the roof. With a good roof flashing count, you can place a materials order to the supply house. Here are the pitch factors rounded up for calculating the sqs. of a roof.

Degrees converted to roof pitch

9.5° = 2:12,  14° = 3:12,  18.5° = 4:12,  22.5° = 5:12,

26.5° = 6:12,  30° = 7:12,   33.5° = 8:12,   37° = 9:12,

40° = 10:12,    42.5° = 11:12,   45° = 12:12

When To Replace A Roof

No matter how little you want to deal with them, roofing issues sometimes appear. There is never a right moment for a roofing problem to arise, although it is best to tackle them on a clear, sunny day and definitely instead of during winter. Unfortunately, you cannot always predict when your roof is going to get damaged or how. That is why you should make it a habit to take a regular look at your roof to prevent any problems. Sometimes it can be very hard to detect a problem, which is why a thorough inspection by a professional roofing contractor is required to get to the bottom of anything questionable. Unless of course, you are fully acquainted with roofing issues (including the dangers) and how to deal with them. Repair or replace? That is always the question. Both options can end up a pretty costly affair but as far as the quality of life is concerned, doing one or the other is worth every cent. So how do you determine the best option for your roof and your situation? Check out this short article on the topic. You might find it useful.

First off, let’s have a look at some of the telltale signs that something is wrong with your roof.

Exterior Signs:

  • Your storm gutters often end up clogged with granules
  • You notice broken tiles or shingles on your roof
  • Your shingles lack granules
  • You notice that the attic insulation is wet
  • Flashing is damaged or missing

You should know that problems with roofing generally occurs on the exterior first, so it is important to be able to recognize any changes in the structure itself. Bear in mind that unless you fix an problems you may find fairly soon, the damage will spread to the inside, making repairs much more difficult and expensive.

Interior Signs:

  • Your wallboards have started to discolor
  • Paint has started peeling or cracking
  • Wallpaper is peeling
  • Mildew or mold has formed on the walls and ceiling
  • Your ceiling has some very suspicious brown spots, the nature of which you are not familiar with

If you miss  the exterior signs, at least make sure you act fast as possible when you discover any of the telltale interior signals  just noted above. The sooner you find a solution, the better. No matter if you currently live in that property, you have rented it out or you are intending to sell it, it is up to you to care for your roof and make sure that it is regularly and routinely cleaned and taken care of. That is unless you want to make all matters worse and end up paying why will probably amount to a king’s ransom for a costly, total replacement.

If you are not sure whether the damage on your roof requires a repair or a total replacement, call  a qualified, licensed local roofing contractor.

When to Repair:

  • If your roof is new (less than 20 years old) depending on the life expectancy of the material and application
  • If the warranty period of the roofing materials has not yet expired
  • If a leak does not reappear once you have it repaired
  • If there is only a small leak that needs repair
  • If this is the first time you have had to hire a contractor to repair your roof

When to Replace:

  • If the warranty period of the roofing material has expired
  • If the roof is too old (over 20 years old or dependent upon the life expectancy of the material/application)
  • If the roof has been repaired a number of times previously
  • If there are leaks found in numerous locations of the structure
  • If leaks keep on reappearing after they are repaired

Unfortunately, sometimes there may not be any visible signs that the roof structure has been damaged and needs repair or replacement. Unless you are an expert at roofing, let a certified, licensed roofing professional inspect the roof. A trusted expert will be able to detect the problems you are facing (if any) and provide the best solution for your situation and one that will make you worry much less.

Ensuring Proper Ventilation

It is very important to ensure proper ventilation in your attic so that your home is comfortable during all seasons. The free flow of fresh air through the roof is essential for the maintenance of the right temperature in your home. Proper roof ventilation ensures that your home is warm in the cold seasons, saving you many expenses. If you want to make sure your attic is well ventilated through the roof read this article to learn why and how to do it properly.

A roof that is well ventilated will last longer than improperly or non-ventilated roof and attic. The lack of ventilation or the improper one can lead to mildew and mould, which are created by the humidity and warm air. Moisture can   weaken your roof decking, making your roof more fragile. When moisture and heat get stuck under your roof this may lead to cracked slates and progressively worsening of the roof condition. The lack of ventilation or the improper one can create forming of ice dams as well. This happens when warm air gathered in your attic melts away the snow on your roof. When the weather becomes colder, the melted snow freezes again. This process of melting and freezing again is repeated over and over, thus creating ice dams. They keep the water stuck at the eaves which leads to a lot of roof damage.

There are a few types of roof ventilation you can provide – from installation of basic static vents to more modern power vents. The most effective exhaust ventilation is provided by ridge vents. Their name comes form the place where they are installed – along the ridges of the roof. To provide intake ventilation you can install soffit vents. These vents can be installed along the underside of the overhang of your roof or along the eaves. You can choose gable vents which are installed at the gables and work together with a fan for better results. You have the option of installing roof vents instead of gable or ridge vents. Their location is higher on the surface of your roof.

Installation of vents is a good decision you can make for your home which will save you a lot of roof damage and expenses. It has to be done properly by professionals. Here are some recommendations for the proper vent installation. If the half of your vent openings are located along the soffits, while the other half of them are situated along the ridges, 1 foot of exhaust and intake ventilation is enough for every 300 sq ft. If you have installed soffit vents, 1 foot of ventilation is enough for every 150 square feet of your attic floor area. It is advisable that you leave minimum an inch space between the the roof sheathing, the soffit vents and the insulation.

You should definitely consult with a licensed roofing company such as 5 points roofing to ensure that your roof and attic ventilation is in line with the local regulations. Depending on your climate zone there are different codes and requirements for the ventilation in your roof and attic. During the summer the high temperature in the atmosphere outside heats up your home. Proper roof vents release some of the hot air to regulate the temperature in your home. They also provide a conduit for the cool air to get in your house. During the winter, daily activities create moisture in your home. Cool outdoor air and the heated air in your attic create ice dam formation. Proper vents provide cooler air to get in your attic through the conduit. The hot and moist air is released through the vent so that the temperature in your home is regulated. This is how proper ventilation works and maintains the comfortable temperature in your home.

Ice Dams

Do you know what an Ice Dam is? After this most recent ice storm it can cause serious damage to the interior of your home too. You can help prevent serious damage to both the roof and inside of your home by minimizing the likelihood that an ice dam will develop, and by removing one as soon as you spot it. Ice dams can form when water from melting snow re-freezes at the edge of your roofline. Without proper removal, an ice dam may grow large enough to prevent water from draining off the roof. This water can then back up underneath roof shingles and make its way into your home.

How does an ice dam form?

How to Help Prevent an Ice Dam from Forming:

  • Remove snow from your roof after every storm. To begin with, use a roof rake to clear snow or ice upwards of three to four feet immediately after each storm. In addition to helping prevent an ice dam from forming, this will lessen the stress on your home’s roof. The amount of snow and ice your roof can support will depend on a number of factors, including the roof type and the age and condition of the structure. But a good rule to keep in mind is if more than a foot of heavy, wet snow and ice has accumulated on your roof, you should have it removed.
  • Clear downspouts. An easy way to help snow and ice drain off your roof is to make sure the area around your downspouts is clear. This can help prevent standing water from collecting near the gutter downspout.

How Do You Know if You Have an Ice Dam?

  • Look carefully at the icicles around the exterior of your house. If they are confined to the gutters and there is no water trapped behind them, then an ice dam has likely not formed. Nonetheless, icicles can pose a danger to people when they fall off, so try to safely knock them down while standing on the ground, making sure not to stand directly beneath them. If you cannot safely reach them from the ground, consider calling a roofing contractor such as 5 points roofing to help.
  • Check for water stains or moisture in the attic or around the tops of exterior walls on the top floor of your house. Stains and moisture may indicate that an ice dam has formed and water has penetrated the roof membrane.

How to Remove an Ice Dam:

  • Melt the ice dam. Fill a nylon stocking with calcium chloride ice melt, and place it vertically across the ice dam so that it melts a channel through the dam. If you try this, make sure you can safely position the ice melt on your roof, and make sure to use calcium chloride, not rock salt. Rock salt will damage your roof. Also, be aware that shrubbery and plants near the gutters or downspouts may be damaged.
  • Get professional help. If you cannot safely reach the roof, avoid using a ladder in snowy and icy conditions. Consider calling us to help remove the ice dam.

Long-term Tips for Preventing Ice Dams:

  • Insulate your attic. Make sure your attic is well insulated to help prevent the melting-and-freezing cycle that causes ice dams to form. Check and seal places where warm air could leak from your house to the attic, including vent pipes, exhaust fans, chimneys, attic hatches and light fixtures.
  • Install a water-repellent membrane. When replacing a roof, make sure to install a water repellent membrane underneath the shingles. This acts as an extra barrier that helps prevent water from seeping inside the building.

If you need any assistance. Call 5 points roofing @ (615) 645-2055